All posts by Trevor Wye

Trevor Wye studied the flute privately both with Geoffrey Gilbert and the celebrated Marcel Moyse. He was a freelance orchestral and chamber music player on the London scene for many years and has made several solo recordings, notably on his specialist instrument, the flute d'amour, which he reintroduced in modern times. His formative years were influenced by many players and singers, particularly Alfred Deller, Marcel Moyse and William Bennett. He was formerly a Professor at the Guildhall School of Music, London and for 21 years at the Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester. Trevor Wye is the author the famous Practice Books for the flute, which have received world wide acclaim and have been translated into eleven other languages. More recently, his highly praised biography of Marcel Moyse was published in English and in four other languages. During the year, he teaches at his Flute Studio in Kent, a residential course for postgraduate students, and travels throughout the world giving concerts and master classes including annual appearances in Europe, the USA and Japan. He enjoys serving on juries for international competitions, and giving recitals which includes presenting his unique Carnival Show, an hilarious recital with commentary, in which he plays on sixty different flutes. Founder of the British Flute Society, he was also founder and director of International Summer School, from 1969-1988, the biggest flute summer camp in the world. He worked for some years on a flute encyclopaedia called The Fluteark which is now online: In the past few years, he has been involved in the development of a revision to the Cooper’s Scale, know as RS 2012. In 1990 he was made an honorary Fellow of the Royal Northern College of Music and in 2011, was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award by the National Flute Association, USA.

RS 2012 Scale

Albert Cooper in the doorway of his shop.

Albert Cooper in the doorway of his shop.

RS 2012 is slightly different from the original Cooper Scale. As Cooper admitted, there was always room for improvement and this has now been done. That said, I am sure there will be corrections in the future, continuing Cooper’s work. The alterations are small, but to those with sensitive ears, they are significant when expressive intonation is employed.

It was a pity that those who criticised RS 2012 did so before trying it. The comments posted here about the new Scale were made before the only prototype was available.

Burkart Flutes have made several flutes to this scale; Stephen Wessel has now started to use this scale on his flutes too.

Flutemakers are welcome to use the figures freely and without acknowledgement, if they wish. The explanation of the Revised Scale 2012 can be seen at and a link at the bottom of that page will take you directly to the figures.

Trevor Wye